This ancient ‘portal’ was created out of a single Andesite block which weight is approximately 10 tons and is around 9.8 ft. tall and 13 ft. wide. Many argues that it dates back to around 15,000 BC.
This gate is located in the vicinity of one of the most marvelous lakes on Earth—Lake Titicaca. The gate of the sun was constructed thousands of years ago by an ancient culture that was inhabiting modern-day Bolivia, at the archaeological site of Tiahuanaco.
Archaeologists, historians, and tourists have been left puzzled by the Gate of the Sun, even since European explorers stumbled across the enigmatic structure.
It is known as one of the best examples of the degree of perfection that its building culture reached, both for the art and for the symbolism that treasures its reliefs.
Most experts agree that this ‘portal’ was created out of a single Andesite block weighing approximately 10 tons, and it is approximately 9.8 ft. (3.0 m) tall and 13 ft. (4.0 m) wide.
The Gate of the Sun was part of a larger building that was most likely located at the top of the Pyramid of Akapana or at the Kalasasaya temple, where there are several constructions that are made out of the same material as the Gate of the Sun in the past.
The Gate of the sun has curious depictions on its surface, and the most recognizable is that of Viracocha, who is depicted surrounded by winged creatures kneeling in front of him. Are those the depictions of the same winged creatures we see in ancient Mesopotamia? There are 32 effigies with human faces and 16 with condors’ heads.
Viracocha was the great creator deity in the pre-Inca and Inca mythology in the Andes region of South America. Viracocha rose from Lake Titicaca during the time of darkness to bring forth light and created the sun moon and the stars, as legend says. It is said that this ancient deity have CREATED mankind by breathing into stones, but his first creation were brainless giants that displeased him. So he destroyed it with a flood and made a new, better one from smaller stones.
This Gate of the sun has in its upper right a crack which divides the stone into two. It is believed to have been struck by lightning, but this theory can’t be verified because there are no such burn marks on the stone or inside it.
According to some of the legends that mention giants, the door was cracked as it was thrown to the ground, cracking the gate of the sun into two.
This also remains a mystery to archaeologists.
The door holds a secret that the ancient Aymaras left hidden to help future humanity in trouble, as Aymara legend says.
It is currently one of the most important monuments of Tiahuanaco.
The city complex Tiahauanco was the center of the ancient Tiahuanaco civilization, an extremely well-developed pre-Inca culture that based its economy on agriculture, architecture, and livestock.
The city of Tiahuanaco is characterized by its incredible intricate architectural style, it is decorated with countless reliefs, which in turn are shrouded in mystery.
The city complex is composed of several important architectural constructions: the Akapana, Akapana East, and Pumapunku stepped platforms, the Kalasasaya, the Kheri Kala, Putuni enclosures, and the Semi-Subterranean Temple, Puerta del Sol (Gateway of the Sun) and Puma Punku which in turn has countless structures that defy mainstream archaeologists.
As noted by recent studies, These architectural examples, as well as the Akapana Gate, have a unique detail and demonstrate high skill in stone-cutting. This reveals a knowledge of descriptive geometry, as recent studies has noted. The regularity of elements suggests they are part of a system of proportions.
Tiahuanaco is one of the oldest cultures of South America, having survived from around 1500 B.C. until the year 1000 A.D. The general consensus is that the ancient Tiahauanco culture began around 1580 B.C.
This ancient culture is characterized by having bronze tools and weapons. They gave it a great technological and military advantage with respect to the other cultures in America during that time in history; Proof of this is that brass unions have been found in their constructions, and several tools and weapons have been unearthed by experts.
Arthur Posnansky and some others have estimated that Tiwanaku dated to 15,000 BC, based on his archaeoastronomical techniques.
Its theory states that after the great flood of around 11,000 BC, the survivors developed advanced techniques of agriculture that today are being studied by certain experts. This ancient culture succeeded in obtaining, by means of crosses and techniques that until now are not well understood, excess production of maize, quinoa, kiwicha, potatoes and maca (really powerful nutrient still used today), although the climate had been cooled down excessively. In his book Posnansky proposes two theories that are essential for considering Tiahuanaco as the oldest city on the surface of the planet, according to him.
Given its apparent antiquity, many proposed that Tiahuanaco was the mother culture of all South American civilizations, while others regarded it as the capital of an ancient megalithic empire or a great empire that spread throughout the Central Andes.